Glass For Commercial

  • Glass for Facades.
  • Glass has now become a structural member of the building and thus façade glasses need to be selected very carefully considering the following factors :

    • Aesthetics – The first and foremost factor on the basis of which generally glass is selected is appearance. Body colour of glass, internal reflection and external reflection should be chosen carefully depending upon the requirement and occupancy of the building.
    • Safety -
      From Glass :-For facades safety glass need to be chosen to ensure minimum or no injury even on glass breakage or failure. Normal annealed glass is not regarded as safety glass. Toughened or Laminated glasses are safety glasses. Even heat strengthen glass is not considered as safety glass unless its laminated.
      From Ultra Voilet Radiation :- UV radiation are harmful sun radiation which are major cause for fading curtains, carpets, upholstery inside the building. UV radiations are also harmful for human being - skin allergy and tanning happens due to UV radiation.
    • Laminated glass cuts down more than 99% of harmful UV Radiation.

    • Energy Efficiency :-
      Light Transmission :- Optimum light transmission glass should be selected for the building to cut down cost of artificial lighting inside the building. However sometimes more than required light coming into the building brings in glare and makes it difficult to work on computer screen.
      Heat Control :- Heat control can be obtained by using glass with lower solar factor and lower U Value. In warm and hot climatic condition a glass with lower solar factor or Solar heat gain coefficient is better and U value contributes for much lesser heat gain. In cold climatic condition a lower U value glass is much better and there we generally choose glass with higher solar factor.
      Reflective glasses, low e glasses and insulating glasses are used in energy efficient facades.
    • Acoustic :- Sound reduction level achieved by any type of glass will be different at different frequencies and each component of glass combination will be more effective to certain frequencies and less effective to some. The principle of maximum mass and maximum asymmetry will best counter the wider frequency range.The overall sound performance will depend on the total framing and construction materials and system, as even minor holes or leakages will drastically alter the acoustical performance. Glass itself is quite resistant to sound and thick glass should be used. However in high noise zones, there is a need for further supplementation. Laminated glass with minimum 0.76 mm PVB is most effective against most frequencies and is the first and the best option. Further supplementation can be achieved by using Insulated glass. Insulating units constructed with equal panes typically exhibit a resonant frequency during which both panes vibrate simultaneously resulting in a significant loss in performance. It is recommended that glass panes of marginally different thickness be used. IG units filled with SF6 gas are acoustically more efficient.
    • Loads :- Glasses for facades designed to be resistant for load like wind load, maintenance load and thermal load on glasses. Glass thickness and type of glass to be used (toughened, laminated or toughened laminated) depends upon the loacation of the building, height of the building, size of glass panel, glass cleaning system applied and thermal absorption properties of glass.
    • Earthquake & Natural Disasters :- Normal annealed glass is extremely dangerous in these situations and only safety glass products (Tempered or Laminated) should be used. These products have been tested safe in automobiles against accidents. Certain buildings like hospitals, fire services, police stations etc. have much greater need to remain serviceable in such situations and should use laminated tempered glass only.
  • Glass for Spider Glazing and Fins.
    • Spider Glazings / frameless glass – Glass for spider glazing need to be selected very carefully after doing all structural calculations and its always advisable to have a structural consultant for the same. Toughened glass is bare minimum requirement for glass to be used in spider glazing. Thickness of glass depends on load calculations that need to be done very carefully.
      For energy efficiency coated or low e toughened glasses can also be used. These glasses can also be insulated to give further energy efficiency.
      For making spider and frameless glasses shatter proof toughened laminated glass need to be used. Lamination opens are available in transparent and translucent colours.
    • Safety -
      Fins –Spider fins are generally made of 15 or 19mm toughened glasses. However there is an increasing trend of shatter proof films for which Toughened Laminated glasses need to be used. The thickness of glass and width of the fins are based on structural calculations that need to be done by the consultant carefully.
  • Glass for Windows.
  • Glass selection factor for window glasses

    • Normal float glass ( clear / tinted /reflective / low e)
    • Safety Glass –Any of the normal float glass along with toughening or lamination process can be used
    • Sound Reduction – For sound reduction Gold Plus Acoustic Glass is recommended. For further enhance sound reduction Gold Plus Acoustic glass can also be formed to make Gold Plus Insulating Glass.
    • Heat Control – For heat control it is advised to use ReflectaGold reflective glass and for further enhancement in performance is can be also formed to make Gold Plus Insulating Glass.
    • Burglary Resistant Glass – Gold Plus burglary resistant glass can also be used in windows. These glasses are specially laminated glasses which won't allow any penetration through the window. There is no need for pulling any iron / steel grills when using these glasses.
  • Glass for Doors and Partitions.
    • FRAMELESS – Frameless doors and partitions generally required Gold Plus Toughened Glasses to make them five times more stronger than normal glass and provide safety. Thickness used are generally 10mm and 12mm.
      To make frameless doors and partitions shatter proof Toughened Laminated glasses can also be used.
      Partitions can also have options of using Coloured Safety Glass which comes in various colours and also have options of being Translucent or Opaque.
    • WITH FRAME – Framed doors and partitions with frames should use toughened safety glass to provide strength and safety. Laminated Safety glass can also be used to make them shatter proof.
      Partitions can also have options of using Coloured Safety Glass which comes in various colours and also have options of being Translucent or Opaque.
  • Glass for Shelf.
  • Only toughened glasses to be used for all glass shelfs and corners to provide necessary strength.

  • Glass for Staircases & Balustrades.
  • Staircases – Glass staircases are extensively used in many house holds now a days. Glasses used are generally heat treated laminated glasses. With top glass being toughened to provide strength and bottom glass being heat strengthened to provide requisite strength and stability. To make these staircases anti skid special ceramic printing can be done on the top surface of staircase in various patterns. Glass staircases can also be made translucent or opaque by using ceramic printed glass or by having translucent or opaque lamination.

    Balustrades – Glass balustrades should always be of Laminated glass to provide safety. When these Balustrades are fixed with bolts or point support system it should be Toughened Laminated Glass.

  • Glass for Floor,Roofs and Canopies.
  • Floor, Roofs and Canopies Glasses used are generally heat treated laminated glasses. With top glass being toughened to provide strength and bottom glass being heat strengthened to provide requisite strength and stability.
    To make the roofs anti skid special ceramic printing can be done on the top surface of roofs in various patterns.
    Glass roofs and canopies can also be made translucent or opaque by using ceramic printed glass or by having translucent or opaque lamination.

    Canopies – Glass canopies should always be of laminated glass to provide safety. When these canopies are fixed with bolts or point support system it should be Toughened Laminated Glass.

  • Glass for Panelling.
  • For paneling Gold Plus Lacquered glass can be used. Laquered glasses unlike other paneling material do not require any periodic maintenance. It enhances aesthetics. It has resistance to humidity making it ideal for use in high humidity rooms such as, kitchens and bathrooms. They usually come in0 five different colors.
    Where safety glass is also required Gold Plus coloured safety can also be used in paneling.

Glass Types

  • 5X Strong Glass.
    {For Windows, Tables,Shower Cubicals etc.}
  • Safety Glass.
    {For Cars,Homes,Doors etc.}
  • Energy Efficient Glass.
    {For offices,Factories,cars etc.}
  • Acoustic Glass.
    {For Shelfs,panecillins,roofs etc.}
  • Burglary Resistent.
    {For Canopies,tables tops,dinning tables}
  • Glass Panello.
    {For Frameless, shower cubicals etc.}.